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refractory materials have using method

  • Increase refractory materials anti damage ability by ...

    2021-4-13 · Flame gunning method of flame gunning refractory products, powder particles melt in the liquid or gaseous fuel flame, and was sent to the surface to be repaired. At this point the masonry was nozzle flame supplementary heating, so using this method may not have special restrictions on temperature is put forward in this paper, and can adopt refractory powder cheaper to obtain high …

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  • Refractory Material - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    The preparation of inorganic refractory materials often requires high-temperature solid state reactions. 1 For thousands of years, this method has been used to obtain ceramic and glassy materials from natural raw materials. The temperature of synthesis, sintering or melting is the main factor in each process, although many specific technological conditions can also significantly influence the reactions.

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  • Refractory, what is it and what does it do? | African ...

    2013-12-1 · High porosity alumina refractory bricks can be produced using the GS method in which foam with 90–97.5% porosity could be fabricated. These foams have high compression strength from 0.2 to 3 MPa, which is proportional to the square of the bulk density.

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  • Direct analysis of clay and refractory materials slurries ...

    2019-9-4 · Any material can be described as a ‘refractory,’ if it can withstand the action of abrasive or corrosive solids, liquids or gases at high temperatures. The various combinations of operating conditions in which refractories are used, make it necessary to manufacture a range of refractory materials with different properties.

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  • Thermal conductivity of high porosity alumina

    Permanent Linear Change (reheat test) Related to Refractory: Early in the history of the refractory industry in North America, the reheat test was designed to measure the refractoriness, or temperature limit, of clays that were used to manufacture refractory brick. The permanent linear change (PLC) shows how it responds to heat treatment.

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  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    2020-5-14 · High-purity, spherical refractory-alloy powders (e.g. the Nb-10Hf-1Ti alloy ATI C103™) were made via both atomization and plasma spheroidization and consolidated using a variety of methods. Consolidated material shows comparable and sometimes superior high temperature performance to equivalent wrought material.

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  • Increase refractory materials anti damage ability by ...

    2021-4-13 · Increase refractory materials anti damage ability by changing using method ... At this point the masonry was nozzle flame supplementary heating, so using this method may not have special restrictions on temperature is put forward in this paper, and can adopt refractory powder cheaper to obtain high-quality gunning layer. Principle of ceramic ...

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  • Chrome Compounds: Refractory Cements, Refractory

    2.Clean the surface, repeat the ramming work once again. 3.Put a piece of steel sheet on the surface to avoid damage on the surface when putting scrap and hot metal. 4.Knotting quality inspection method: use a 4mm diameter iron rod, such as φ 4mm welding rod, the insertion depth does not exceed 20mm.

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  • Refractory Manufacturer Factory_Refractory Solutions

    2014-7-30 · production of refractory materials for industrial use. The current work is aimed at this the possibility of utilizing these vast available material (palm kernel shell) in the fabrication of refractory materials. In view of all these facts, there is therefore every need to produce, characterize, evaluate and improve the refractory properties of

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  • By Installation Type - | A Global Refractory Leader |

    2021-5-29 · The literature on the production of fly ash at thermal power plants and its level of processing in Russia and abroad is reviewed. The properties and applications of fly ash are described. The use of fly ash, as a source of aluminum and silicon oxides, for manufacturing refractory products based on mullite, cordierite, or forsterite-spinel compositions is considered in more detail.

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  • PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CLAY

    2019-3-15 · A specialized dealloying technique called thermal dealloying was developed over 10 years ago for certain biomedical materials. This method is not widely used for synthesizing nanoporous metals. However, it offers advantages over conventional dealloying processes for fabrication of nanoporous structures, and is highly suitable for refractory metals that may be susceptible to oxidation during ...

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  • The Review of Some Commonly Used Methods and

    2020-10-7 · Using the BPCA method, Wagner et al. 24 reported that very low DBC abundance accounted for 0.8–1.8% of the DOC in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, while using the same method, Coppola and ...

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  • Fly Ash as Technogenic Raw Material for Producing ...

    1 天前 · Materials processing by hand is as old as civilization; mechanization began with the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, and in the early 19th century the basic machines for forming, shaping, and cutting were developed, principally in England. Since then, materials-processing methods, techniques, and machinery have grown in variety and ...

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  • Refractory Standards - Standards Worldwide

    ASTM's refractory standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of various materials and products made of refractory. These materials, which are commonly made from the oxides of aluminum (alumina), silicon (silica), magnesium (magnesia), and calcium (lime), have the distinct ...

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  • Refractory Materials Classified | African Pegmatite

    2021-5-19 · Refractory materials is a broad term for any material that is broadly tolerant of high temperatures and is resistant to chemical attack at those high temperatures.. There are many classes of refractory materials, and a wide array of materials that fall into those categories. Here, a variety of such materials will be discussed and categorised in terms of their chemical composition.

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  • REMOVAL OF REFRACTORY ORGANIC SULFUR

    2013-7-12 · studies have been undertaken to develop adsorbents for the desulfurization of transportation fuels using zeolites (Yang et al. 2003; Hernandez-Maldonado and Yang, 2004), mesoporous materials (Ko et al., 2007) and activated carbons (Zhou et al., 2006; Deliyanni et al., 2009; Jeon et al., 2009).

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  • Refractory Castable - RS Castable Refractory for Sale

    Advantages of Using Refractory Castables Lining. The castables refractory have a simple production process, saves labor and energy, have high construction efficiency and good quality and can be formulated on-site according to construction requirements to achieve high-performance refractory materials.

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  • Determination of Nitrogen and Oxygen in Refractory

    2018-6-14 · ASTM Method E1409, “Determination of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by the Inert Gas Fusion Technique”, enables either abrading (filing) or chemical etching of the test specimen. Other refractory metals, such as tantalum, zirconium, rhenium, molybdenum, niobium, and hafnium are usually abraded, rinsed with a solvent ...

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  • Spontaneous formation of multilayer refractory

    2021-5-4 · Multilayer coatings of refractory materials are of significant interest for extreme environment applications. Yet, the strong covalent bonding of refractory materials and the complexity of synthesizing multilayer structures impedes their development. Our work presents a fast, easy, and low-temperature synthesis of complex multilayer carbide coatings via a spontaneous reaction in a molten salt ...

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  • Analysis and Prediction of Corrosion of Refractory ...

    2018-12-18 · For a better understanding of corrosion thermodynamic mechanisms, the five components of common refractory materials (magnesium chrome spinel MgO·Cr 2 O 3, magnesium aluminum spinel MgO·Al 2 O 3, Al 2 O 3, MgO, and Cr 2 O 3) with potassium salts (K 2 CO 3, K 2 SO 4, and KCl) under high-temperature were studied by using the FactSage TM 7.0 ...

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  • By Installation Type - | A Global Refractory Leader |

    2016-6-15 · We demonstrate a broadband absorber using random structures on refractory plasmonic material. The random microstructure is fabricated by femtosecond laser on tungsten and characterized with surface roughness which described by root mean square (RMS) and correlation length. Results show that the absorption efficiency of random microstructure with RMS of 0.8 μm and correlation length of …

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  • Refractory Metals: Properties, Types and Applications

    ASTM's refractory standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of various materials and products made of refractory. These materials, which are commonly made from the oxides of aluminum (alumina), silicon (silica), magnesium (magnesia), and calcium (lime), have the distinct ...

    Get Price
  • Refractory Standards - ASTM

    2018-6-14 · ASTM Method E1409, “Determination of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by the Inert Gas Fusion Technique”, enables either abrading (filing) or chemical etching of the test specimen. Other refractory metals, such as tantalum, zirconium, rhenium, molybdenum, niobium, and hafnium are usually abraded, rinsed with a solvent ...

    Get Price
  • Determination of Nitrogen and Oxygen in Refractory

    2021-3-15 · Refractory ceramic fibers are synthetic fibers produced by the melting and blowing or spinning of calcined kaolin clay or a combination of alumina (Al2O3), silicon dioxide (SiO2), or other oxides, usually in a 50:50 weight ratio. The most common grade RCF fiber provided by most USA-based fabricators and suppliers is the “high purity” grade ...

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  • An overview of refractory ceramic fibers | Thermal ...

    2021-6-15 · Sizing of refractory castable gas-burner using thermomechanical simulations F.Nazaret1, a, T.Cutard 2,b and O.Barrau1,c ... cohesion and is characteristic of quasi brittle materials. This mechanism is at the origin of the size ... stress is calculated using elastic approach. This method …

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  • Sizing of refractory castable gas-burner using ...

    2019-12-12 · The template-stripping method can yield smooth patterned films without surface contamination. However, the process is typically limited to coinage metals such as silver and gold because other materials cannot be readily stripped from silicon templates due to strong adhesion. Herein, we report a more general template-stripping method that is applicable to a larger variety of materials ...

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  • Fabrication of Smooth Patterned Structures of

    2018-12-18 · For a better understanding of corrosion thermodynamic mechanisms, the five components of common refractory materials (magnesium chrome spinel MgO·Cr 2 O 3, magnesium aluminum spinel MgO·Al 2 O 3, Al 2 O 3, MgO, and Cr 2 O 3) with potassium salts (K 2 CO 3, K 2 SO 4, and KCl) under high-temperature were studied by using the FactSage TM 7.0 ...

    Get Price
  • Analysis and Prediction of Corrosion of Refractory ...

    4.3 For refractory raw materials and products, the true specific gravity is a useful value for: classification, detecting differences in chemical composition between supposedly like samples, indicating mineralogical phases or phase changes, calculating total porosity when the bulk density is known, and for any other test method that requires ...

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  • ASTM C604 - 18 Standard Test Method for True

    The 9th International Conference on Tungsten, Refractory & Hardmaterials was held in 2014 and numerous developments have taken place in the intervening years. Remarkable among these has been the explosive development of additive manufacturing (3D printing) using refractory …

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  • Tungsten2020 Conference - MPIF

    2020-3-3 · In relapsed or refractory MM (RRMM), a small number of mutations implicated in resistance to PIs or IMiDs have been identified through custom targeted gene panels or in occasional patients. 14-16 These mutations have been validated in in vitro models, but their clinical relevance needs additional study. Expression levels and splice isoforms of the IMiD target CRBN have been proposed to mediate ...

    Get Price
  • Drying Refractory in Steam-Generating Boilers -

    Others are made use of by political teams for their own factors, for example the civil war flag of t微信qq聊天记录截图-爱情撩妹聊天记录截屏-恋爱套路聊天记录图片

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  • Tungsten2020 Conference - MPIF

    The 9th International Conference on Tungsten, Refractory & Hardmaterials was held in 2014 and numerous developments have taken place in the intervening years. Remarkable among these has been the explosive development of additive manufacturing (3D printing) using refractory …

    Get Price
  • Assessing the Potential Application of Geophagic

    2020-8-24 · Refractory materials can be divided into several classes based on: chemical composition (acid, basic and special), method of implementation (shaped and unshaped), method of manufacture (fused and sintered), and porosity content (porous and dense). These materials are …

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  • Using Castable Refractory Concrete In The Field -

    2008-1-1 · The work examination serves the method development of the precision laser cutting of refractory metallic materials; in particular of tungsten composite materials. In previous use of these methods the cut area qualities, structure size and production costs did not suffice for many applications.

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  • Refractory Metals: Properties, Types and Applications

    4.3 For refractory raw materials and products, the true specific gravity is a useful value for: classification, detecting differences in chemical composition between supposedly like samples, indicating mineralogical phases or phase changes, calculating total porosity when the bulk density is known, and for any other test method that requires ...

    Get Price
  • Requirements to precision laser cutting processing of ...

    4.1 This test method is nondestructive and is commonly used for material characterization and development, design data generation, and quality control purposes. The test assumes that the properties of the specimen are perfectly isotropic, which may not be true for some refractory materials. The test also assumes that the specimen is homogeneous and elastic.

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  • ASTM C604 - 18 Standard Test Method for True

    2019-12-12 · The template-stripping method can yield smooth patterned films without surface contamination. However, the process is typically limited to coinage metals such as silver and gold because other materials cannot be readily stripped from silicon templates due to strong adhesion. Herein, we report a more general template-stripping method that is applicable to a larger variety of materials ...

    Get Price
  • Recovery Refractory Resources - SGS

    refractory gold processing varies depending on the method chosen,” says Rachel Bridge, metallurgist at Hatch. “The process steps common to each method are crushing, grinding, gravity concentra-tion, intensive cyanidation of the gravity concentrate and all refinery processes downstream of carbon-in …

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  • Fabrication of Smooth Patterned Structures of

    2019-12-12 · The template-stripping method can yield smooth patterned films without surface contamination. However, the process is typically limited to coinage metals such as silver and gold because other materials cannot be readily stripped from silicon templates due to strong adhesion. Herein, we report a more general template-stripping method that is applicable to a larger variety of materials ...

    Get Price
  • Refractories - An Overview - Materials Engineering

    2001-2-14 · Refractories - An Overview. Refractories are ceramic materials capable of withstanding high temperatures. The bulk of refractory materials consist of single or mixed high melting point oxides such as silicon, aluminum, magnesium, calcium and zirconium. Non-oxide refractories also exist and include materials such as carbides, nitrides, borides ...

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  • Refractory Metals, Platinum Group Metals and

    2021-6-30 · Applications Supported by Ultramet. Platinum group metals are unique among the transition metals because (except for osmium) they combine excellent catalytic activity with low chemical reactivity. As a result, the platinum group metals at Ultramet are used primarily for two purposes: protective and catalytic coatings.

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  • Learn About Refractory Metals - ThoughtCo.com

    Refractory, any material that has an unusually high melting point and that maintains its structural properties at very high temperatures.Composed principally of ceramics, refractories are employed in great quantities in the metallurgical, glassmaking, and ceramics industries, where they are formed into a variety of shapes to line the interiors of furnaces, kilns, and other devices that process ...

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  • Refractory | industrial material | Britannica

    2021-6-15 · Sizing of refractory castable gas-burner using thermomechanical simulations F.Nazaret1, a, T.Cutard 2,b and O.Barrau1,c ... cohesion and is characteristic of quasi brittle materials. This mechanism is at the origin of the size ... stress is calculated using elastic approach. This method …

    Get Price
  • Sizing of refractory castable gas-burner using ...

    2020-8-24 · A refractory high-entropy alloy was designed with the composition chosen based on the natural-mixing characteristics among refractory elements; this …

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  • Natural-mixing guided design of refractory high

    2018-3-28 · Using electronic alloy design concepts and criteria, we identified higher-strength refractory (Mo-W)-Ta-(Ti-Zr) alloys from materials physics and engineering perspectives.

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  • REMOVAL OF REFRACTORY ORGANIC SULFUR

    2013-7-12 · studies have been undertaken to develop adsorbents for the desulfurization of transportation fuels using zeolites (Yang et al. 2003; Hernandez-Maldonado and Yang, 2004), mesoporous materials (Ko et al., 2007) and activated carbons (Zhou et al., 2006; Deliyanni et al., 2009; Jeon et al., 2009).

    Get Price
  • Refractory Metals: An A to Z of Applications

    2020-12-22 · Refractory metals are a broad category of metallic materials that display excellent durability to thermal and mechanical stress. Their shared properties include resistance to corrosion and wear, high melting points, retention of mechanical strength at high temperatures, and …

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  • Refractory | industrial material | Britannica

    Refractory, any material that has an unusually high melting point and that maintains its structural properties at very high temperatures.Composed principally of ceramics, refractories are employed in great quantities in the metallurgical, glassmaking, and ceramics industries, where they are formed into a variety of shapes to line the interiors of furnaces, kilns, and other devices that process ...

    Get Price
  • MINING AND PROCESSING - Imerys Refractory

    Imerys Refractory Minerals’ milling technology is a complex process where the methods depend both on ore type and on the final application. To obtain exactly the right particle size and top cut for a given application, we use a variety of techniques including compressed air, steam and impact milling – many of which have been developed in-house.

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  • Assessing the Potential Application of Geophagic

    2020-8-24 · Refractory materials can be divided into several classes based on: chemical composition (acid, basic and special), method of implementation (shaped and unshaped), method of manufacture (fused and sintered), and porosity content (porous and dense). These materials are …

    Get Price
  • Using Castable Refractory Concrete In The Field -

    We conducted research on the application of double simultaneous defibrillation (DSiD) for refractory shockable rhythms. Methods . This is a retrospective pilot study performed using medical records from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017. The prephase was from January to December 2016. The post-phase was from January to December 2017.

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  • Refractory Lining - Rongsheng Kiln Refracotry

    Materials used to make refractory are SiC, MgO, fireclay, etc. These have high melting point in the range of 1800°C to 2800°C. Refractory materials are also used to maintain commercial and industrial boilers. Boiler refractory materials are primarily causes of boiler outages and energy losses.

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  • Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation Treated with Double ...

    2021-1-25 · 2 materials and methods 2.1 Study design and treatment This multicenter, single-arm, phase I study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03009344) in Japanese patients with relapsed or refractory B-NHL aimed to evaluate the tolerability, safety, PKs, and preliminary antitumor activity of tazemetostat.

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  • Refractory material / SCHLÜSSLER Feuerungsbau

    We can provide you, among other things, with heat-insulating concrete, insulating refractory concrete and refractory concrete shipped in bags or big bags. We also supply concrete types for various gunning and casting methods as well as ramming material (chunk goods or goods shipped in bags) that is processed using the hand ramming method.

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  • 'Characterization of Porous Media and Refractory

    A three-dimensional (3-D) computer program is developed to simulate the packing behavior of granular materials at a loose state using a “drop and roll” method. This study provides a systematic characterization of the LFC refractory coating slurries, dried refractory coating, and the granular media.

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  • MINING AND PROCESSING - Imerys Refractory

    Imerys Refractory Minerals’ milling technology is a complex process where the methods depend both on ore type and on the final application. To obtain exactly the right particle size and top cut for a given application, we use a variety of techniques including compressed air, steam and impact milling – many of which have been developed in-house.

    Get Price
  • Refractory Materials Manufacturer - Wide Range of ...

    Vitcas is a manufacturer of refractories, heat resistant products and high temperature insulation materials which follows the tradition of refractory and heat resistant manufacturing in Bristol, UK, since 1882. Our products include fire cement, fire bricks, refractory setting cements/mortars, plastic mouldables refractories, zircon refractory products, acid resistant cements and refractory ...

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  • An overview of refractory ceramic fibers | Thermal ...

    2021-3-15 · Refractory ceramic fibers are synthetic fibers produced by the melting and blowing or spinning of calcined kaolin clay or a combination of alumina (Al2O3), silicon dioxide (SiO2), or other oxides, usually in a 50:50 weight ratio. The most common grade RCF fiber provided by most USA-based fabricators and suppliers is the “high purity” grade ...

    Get Price
  • Synthesis of Refractory Ceramics via Rapid Metathesis ...

    2019-5-25 · Chemical exchange (metathesis) reactions are used in many syntheses of important solids. While metathesis reactions in the liquid and gas phase are well-known, metathesis reactions from solid-state precursors have received much less attention. This review details work on the synthesis of refractory ceramics via rapid metathesis reactions between solid metal halides and alkali (or alkaline ...

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  • Home - Siphotuse Refractory Services & Construction

    This method uses special gunning machines that are pneumatically spraying the refractory on the shell or surface. SRS & Con Pro does hot and cold-gunning using semi-wet and dry ginning material. Predampen or semi wet gunning. Nozzle man gunning. Appropriate equipment for project execution is of high priority at SRS & Con Pro.

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  • MSCA-ITN PhD Student: Experimental material ...

    2021-3-31 · Since refractory linings of furnace ladles are assembled in masonry-like structures, models of these will be replicated in a laboratory environment to analyse stress distributions and mechanical weaknesses. Expected Results: - Set-up of innovative testing methods for refractory materials, both at room and high temperature;

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  • Use of 3-D Digital Image Correlation to characterize the ...

    2021-6-5 · have applied the 3-D DIC technique to characterize the behavior of ber reinforced refractory castables (FRRC) by performing 3-D reconstruction of metallic bres and 3-D displacement measurement during a tensile test using virtual extensometers. Refractory castables exhibit very low fracture strain levels in the case of tensile tests [18{21].

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  • Integrative analysis of the genomic and transcriptomic ...

    2020-3-3 · In relapsed or refractory MM (RRMM), a small number of mutations implicated in resistance to PIs or IMiDs have been identified through custom targeted gene panels or in occasional patients. 14-16 These mutations have been validated in in vitro models, but their clinical relevance needs additional study. Expression levels and splice isoforms of the IMiD target CRBN have been proposed to mediate ...

    Get Price